In its publication policy SILC, in compliance with the general strategy followed by Shumen University, abides by the accepted international standards of publication ethics. SILC also closely relates to the principles put forward by COPE (

The rules of ethics apply to all participants in the publication process: authors and reviewers, editors and publishers.

Our licensing policy is guided by the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) principles.


Authors’ rights and obligations

  • Authors of a publication are considered people who have contributed considerably to writing the article. Everyone who has a substantial contribution should be identified as a co-author. The abuse of copyright is ethically unacceptable.
  • Authors retain the copyright and full publishing rights of their papers without restrictions.
  • Authors agree to have their work published under Creative Commons’ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0), which means that everyone is free to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially), provided they give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes have been made.
  • The authors should keep the primary data related to the article for editorial review if requested after the publication of the article.
  • Any form of plagiarism and/or text recycling (self-plagiarism) is strictly prohibited. The submitted materials must be original. If the authors use parts of their own or other people’s work, they should be cited correctly. By signing the Ethical Statement, the authors confirm the authenticity and the uniqueness of their article. Plagiarism is viewed as a very serious offence and each article is screened with an anti-plagiarism software (Plagramme). For more information on text-recycling see COPE’s text-recycling guidelines (
  • It is considered unethical to present the same article simultaneously to more than one publisher. The authors are not supposed to publish materials with identical studies already offered to other publishers. The authors declare that the materials have not been published before in written or electronic form.
  • It is possible to accept a manuscript for re-publishing provided there are legitimate reasons for that request and only after the consent of the primary publisher and the written clarification of the case by the author. This information should be made available and clear at the submission of the manuscript.
  • Authors should assure their anonymity in the blinded manuscript by removing any reference that could hint the reviewer on their identity.
  • The authors are allowed to deposit their papers (their submitted, accepted or published version) in an institutional or other repository of the authors’s choice without any restrictions.
  • The publication or use of the material without prior consent of the other co-authors is unacceptable. For more information on Authorship and Contribution SILC follows COPE’s guidelines (
  • Upon detection of significant errors in already published articles the authors are required to notify the Editorial Board immediately and cooperate to withdraw or correct the issue.
  • Authors should follow the APA citation and formatting guidelines provided on the web site of the journal (


Reviewers’ rights and obligations

  • Reviewers’ work is particularly important for improving the quality of the materials submitted for publication. Reviews play a crucial role in the decisions of the Editorial Board in publishing any article. SILC’s principles regarding the work of the reviewers are guided by COPE’s ethical guidelines for peer-reviewers (
  • The reviewers must notify the editor when they do not consider themselves qualified enough to review a particular material, when there is a conflict of interests or when they are unable to examine the manuscript on time. In such a case the material is forwarded to another reviewer.
  • The principle of confidentiality is essential in the work of the reviewers. The reviewer must not disclose or discuss the contents of the manuscript with another person unless s/he has received an explicit permission from the editor.
  • Reviews must be based on the objective qualities of the article. The reviewers are obliged to provide an impartial, competent and clear assessment with sufficient arguments.
  • Reviewers are required to observe proper citation and use of data and sources. In case of detected violations (inaccuracies and omissions in the bibliography or finding pieces of the material in already published articles) they should notify the editor.
  • Reviewers should withdraw from the reviewing process when there is a conflict of interest arising from professional, personal, financial and other relations with the author.
  • Reviewers submit a conscientiously completed Review Form touching on all aspects discussed therein.

Scholars interested in being part of our team of international Reviewers should submit a short bio data and a list of publications to Best applicants could be invited to join SILC’s Editorial Board as well.


Editors’ rights and obligations

  • The Editorial Board decides which of the submitted articles will be published in the next issue of the series. The decision is based on criteria for publication in SILC, the objectives and scope of the journal. A guiding principle for publishing is the importance of the research for development of scientific knowledge and its academic contribution to science. The Editorial Board is obliged to inform the author about all the deficiencies and inaccuracies, without the removal and correction of which the article will not be published.
  • The evaluation of manuscripts by the members of the Editorial Board should be according to their scientific content regardless of the gender, race, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, ethnicity or political beliefs of the authors.
  • The Editorial Board checks all submitted papers with an anti-plagiarism software (Plagramme). In case of anti-plagiarism policy breach, the Editorial Board discusses the issue solely with the author.
  • The Editorial Board has the right to discuss the materials submitted only with the author, the reviewers and the publisher.
  • Editors must give up considering articles in which they have a conflict of interest based on competitive or cooperative relationships with any of the authors, sponsors or institutions associated with the publication (see COPE’s guidelines on Conflict of Interest
  • The Editorial Board shall take immediate action upon receiving a signal of unethical behaviour, such as incorrect citation, plagiarism, inaccuracies in the data used and manipulation of the results. Measures include contacting the parties and institutions to establish the veracity of ethical violations. The result could lead to the withdrawal of the manuscript or, if the paper has already been published, to subsequent publishing of the revealed ethical violations.
  • The authors have the right to an additional review, but only if they provide evidence of any mistakes made by the reviewers. In this case a new expert committee can be formed that should make the final review.
  • Editors take it upon themselves to make sure all content is available for free as an open access.


Malpractice Statement

  • Cases of incorrect citation, plagiarism, inaccuracies in the data used and manipulation of the results and considered malpractice and are treated very seriously. In order to solve the issue, the Editorial Board could contact the parties and institutions to establish the veracity of ethical violations. Provided the malpractice is proved, the manuscript will be withdrawn from publication or, if the paper has already been published, the revealed ethical violations will be made public.
  • In case more than 15% of the manuscript submitted for publication is not the author’s authentic work, the paper will be viewed as a case of plagiarism and will not be considered for publication. This includes citation of own work which exceeds 15% of the paper.
  • All contributors to the work submitted for publication should be acknowledged and the sources used cited correctly.
  • In addition, following the Ethical Statement, submissions already published, in press, or currently considered for publication elsewhere will be turned down.
  • SILC’s publishers and editors are ready to publish any corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when such are necessary.


Corrections and Retractions

 SILC takes all matters related to the integrity of an author, a reviewer, or an editor or publication very seriously and undertake upon ourselves to address any possible report of misconduct accordingly. There are four categories of amendments (corrections) relevant for peer-reviewed material: Erratum or Publisher Correction, Corrigendum or Author Correction, Retraction or Addendum. Detailed information on the procedures and each amendment category are found in the Committee on Publication Ethics Retraction Guidelines provided by COPE.


Complaints and Appeals

  • In all matters related to conflict of interest, abuse of rights or plagiarism SILC will investigate the problem in utmost diligence and in confidence trying to maintain the integrity of all parties concerned.
  • In case of complaints or appeals SILC will conduct personal talks with the parties concerned in order to assess the case as objectively as possible.
  • SILC will not hesitate to seek legal advice when matters are outside our scope of expertise.
  • In all our dealings we will be guided by the principles suggested by COPE (